Adolescents Sleep’s Disorder
is crucial to the mental and physical development of children, who
need to spend about 40 percent of their time sleeping. Their sleep
requirements vary as they grow.
Children are often exposed to “sleep stealers”,
such as caffeine, television, the internet, and other activities
that may result in sleep disruption. They can suffer the same sorts
of sleep disorders as adults, so if you have any concerns, discuss
with these your doctor.
How Much Sleep Do Newborn Babies
Sleep for the first 1 to 2 months of life usually
occurs around the clock. The sleep wake cycle comprises sleep and
walking to the fed, changed, or nurtured. Newborns an irregular
sleep wake cycle and sleep anywhere from 10 to 18 hours a day. Wake
times can last from one to three hours at a time. Sleep is very
active and 50 percent of sleep time for a baby is spent in REM
How Can I Help My Baby Develop A
Newborns should be put to bed when sleepy so they
will start to learn to how to get them to sleep. There are many
theories and many books on how to develop sleep patterns in newborns
and infants, but each child will have his or her own pattern than
can gradually be adapted to our society’s day night cycle. Exposure
to bright light and play during the day will keep a baby awake for
longer, while a quieter and dimmer environment towards nightfall
will be more conducive to sleep.
Does A Breastfed Child Develop
Sleep Disturbance After breastfeeding Stops?
There is currently no evidence to suggest that
breastfeeding your child (which involves a lot of awake time during
the night) will lead to sleep disturbances once the child comes off
How Should A Baby Be Put To Bed?
Babies should be put to bed when they become
sleepy, and not when they are asleep. Make sure the head, face, and
neck are clear of bedclothes and put the baby on his or her back.
Is Co-sleeping Good or Bad For
Co-sleeping (sharing a bed) is common in many
cultures. There is no hard and fast evidence to suggest an increased
risk of suffocation of the child. It is generally recommended that
the infant be put to sleep in a separate room from the caregiver to
avoid affecting the sleep-wake cycle of the adult. Many parents feel
they are thereby becoming inattentive to their child’s needs. But
there is some evidence to suggest that they tend to get up even more
often if they hear the child crying. There is some evidence to
suggest that children who later develop sleep problems experience
co-sleeping in their infancy. In adults, sleeping apart has been
shown to lead to a more refreshing night’s sleep.
How Does Colic In My Baby Affect
Colic is one the more common disorder affecting
sleep in infants. Usually it resolves by 4 to 5 months of age. It is
characterized by fussiness that is inconsolable in the late
afternoon or evening hours. It is through that colic reflects
development of the brain during the first few months of life.
Eventually, the colicky behavior will settle, but associated sleep
problems may not unless the parents or carers enforce a sleep wake
routine consistently. Colicky infant miss periods of sleep during
their attacks, which can affect their sleep wake cycle.
Once The Colic Has Resolved, How
Do I Get My Baby To Sleep?
You must enforce regular daytime and night time
sleep patterns and adhere to them. The morning wake up time is the
most important aspect of the schedule. It must be fixed and
consistent. Bedtime at night should also be strictly adhered to.
Being persistent with this regimen is the single most important
aspect of getting your baby back into a regular routine.
Can Cow’s Milk Allergy Cause
Problem With Sleep In Infant?
Yes, it can be difficult to differentiate cow’s
milk allergy from colic. However, your doctor will be able to do
some blood test to establish the diagnosis of allergy. Infants with
cow’s milk allergy often have very frequent night time awakenings
and their total sleep time is reduced. Crying during the daytime is
common and the infant appears to be fussy. Problems with behavior
and sleep can be easily resolved once cow’s milk based formula is
discontinued. Symptom should normalize within about 2 weeks.
My Baby Needs To Drink A Lot
During The Night, Is This Affecting Her/His Sleep?
Excessive nocturnal fluid intake is a recognized
cause of disturbed sleep at night both for the baby and parents.
Babies who drink large volume of fluid (8-32 oz) during the night
typically awaken with heavily soaked nappies in the morning. From
the seventh month, the infant should not be waking up at night to
feed. Reasons for awakening to eat at night include: a learned
response associating food with sleep, bladder distension causing
awakening, and learned hunger. If large volumes of fluid are
consumed, the problem is one of excessive fluid intake. If the
infant consumes small volumes of fluid, then the association of
sleep the presence of a parent is more important.
How Can I Wean My Baby Off
The trick is to gradually reduce the amount of
nightly feed and fluid during the night over a period of about 1-2
weeks. Diluting milk with water can also help. If you are
breastfeeding and your baby’s cry results in “letting down” of milk,
it may be better for you to express this milk and feed through a
bottle, diluting it gradually and weaning your baby that your way.
Your letdown will stop once the baby is sleeping through the night
and no longer wakes up crying.
How Much Sleep Do Toddlers Need?
Children between the ages of 1 to 3 years need
about 12-14 hours of sleep in total during a 24 hour period.
Naptimes during the day decrease with age and shouldn’t be more than
1-3 hours in duration the older the child gets. This is very much
dependent on the sleep needs of child in terms of development and
genetically determined sleeps needs that may already be apparent.
What Sort of Problems With Sleep
Can Occur At This Age?
This can be a trying time for getting the child
to sleep. It is a time in the developmental process where boundaries
are being tested and children become more self aware. There can be
resistance to going to bed at night. Children are able to get out of
bed by themselves and once their imagination starts to develop,
nightmares and night terrors can starts to occur. It is therefore
important that a routine is kept for sleep wake times and reinforced
as much as possible. Consistency is the key. Sometimes security
objects (like a toy or a blanket) can be a useful. If you have more
than one child of this in the household and they have different
sleep patterns, it is often idea to have them sleep separately from
each other, if at all possible.
How Much Sleep Do Pre-schoolers
After the age of 5 years, it is unusual for a
child to require daytime naps. Children of this age still need a lot
of sleep through. Generally 11 to 13 hours a night. Behavioral
problems with sleep can occur, with more awakening and opposition to
bedtime. Once again, a consistent routine is the best way to counter
this. This is the age at which sleepwalking and night terrors may
start to occur.
How Much Sleep Do School Aged
Between about 5 to 12 years of age, children have
about the same sleep requirements as when they were pre-schoolers.
Generally, 10 to 12 hours a night are needed to ensure maximum
daytime functioning. At this period in their sleep patterns, such as
extra-curricular activities, engagement with computing and
television, and less supervised intake of foods and drink which may
contain caffeine (such as soft drink). Disturbances to sleep wake
cycle and inadequate sleep can lead to poor school performance, mood
disorders, and hyperactivity. Many primary sleep disorders come to
the fore during this time, including sleep apnoea, narcolepsy,
sleep-walking and sleep-talking. A consistent bedtime routine is
How Much Sleep Is enough During
During adolescence, sleep requirements slightly
fall, but are still more than in adults. Somewhere around 9 to 10
hours a night (especially in early adolescence) is necessary.
However, there will be a lot variation in this depending on
genetically determined requirements.
What Can Disrupt The Sleep of An
Extra-curricular and social activities and heavy
homework schedule during adolescence take a toll on sleep. Many
adolescents have independent access to computers and television in
their own rooms that may deprive them to sleep. It is not unusual
for adolescents to develop a phase shift in their sleep or for the
first sign of delayed sleep phase syndrome to occur. This can have a
negative impact on school or job performance. A routine and
consistent bedtime schedule is important during phase of
development. However hard it may be for parents to enforce it.
Sleep Hygiene For
and adolescents need a well planned routine. No children will ever
hold it against you if you enforce a routine sleep wake cycle.
It is as important as all the other basic aspect
of self care (like appropriate toilet training, brushing teeth, and
bathing). Sleep hygiene for children is very similar to sleep
hygiene for adults expect for a few extra considerations. See the
Bedtime should be content and predictable,
while allowing for some flexibility, and should by firmly and
Parents or carers should ensure that morning
awakening times are consistent and strictly reinforced, as this is
the most important part of the day in stabling a regular sleep
As for adults, the child’s bedroom should be
kept quit and dark during the night.
The temperature in the bedroom should be
comfortable (less than or equal to 24.C or 75F)
Try to minimize environment noise. White noise
may be helpful to mask a noisy environment.
Daytime naps should be appropriate for the
child’s age and requirements. Naps should not be taken close to
Children need to learn to fall asleep on their
own. This means getting the child to bed when he or she is drowsy
but still awake, so that they can learn to get themselves to
Make sure that the environment is safe and
secure and that the child feels this way about his or her bedroom.
The child must be reassured that access to their parents is
available if needed but not to help them get to sleep.
All vigorous activities should cease one to two
hours before bedtime. If you child’s bath time provide too much
excitement and stimulation at night, choose another time for
bathing such as late afternoon or in the morning.
Avoid all caffeine and alcohol containing
products. Note that reference to the caffeine content may be
hidden in the ingredient list many type of food.
If you child is hungry give him on her a snack.
Children should never be sent to bed hungry.
Keep fluids before bedtime to a minimum and
ensure that the child has been to the toilet before going to bed.
Children should be allowed to protest and cry
for a period of time that is appropriate for their age. If it is
too exiting, parent or carers can intervene and clam the child
down. They should then leave the room while the child is awake and
allow the child to fall asleep by him or herself. This process
should continue until the child is asleep. It may take several
hours to settle a child in this way, but if you are persistent and
consistent, then problem will settle quickly.
How Can I tell If My
Child Has A Sleep Problem?
consider the possibility of sleep problem if your child of sleepy
during the day (this is abnormal for children who have a healthy
balanced lifestyle), has started to show a decline in schoolwork or
interest in activities, if this or her mood or activity levels have
changed, or his or her behaviors is becoming increasingly difficult
or unpredictable. A simple way to remember the different causes of
sleep problems is with mnemonic “B.E.A.R.S”.
B – Bedtime Problems
Does your child have difficulty getting to
Does your child resist going to bed?
Does your child take a long time to fall
E – Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Is your abnormally sleepy during the day?
Does your child have great difficulty getting
up in the morning?
Does it take your child a while to get going in
Does your child fall asleep for no reason
during the day?
Does your child nap during the day (apart from
developmentally appropriate naps)?
A – Awakenings At Night
Does your child get up frequently during the
Does your child stay up for long period during
Does your child suffer from nightmares or
Does your child sleep walk regularly or wake up
with night terror?
R – Regularity And Duration of Sleep
How long does your child need to sleep for?
What is your child’s sleep pattern like?
Can your child follow a strict bedtime routine
and get up at the same time every day?
S – Snoring
Does your child snore during sleep?
Does your child have breathing pauses during
Does your child get easily tired during the day
or have behavioral problems, or has his or her school performance
If you have answered YES to any of these
questions (or if your child’s sleep-wake routine is irregular) and
you are concerned about your child’s sleep or daytime function,
please seek medical advice.
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